Primary Amebic Meningoencephalitis (PAM), which is a disease caused by an infection with Naegleria fowleri, typically increases its prevalence during summer, but changing epidemiological and geographic conditions mean this is not always the case.
Due to the increasing duration of high temperatures across the country – a result of climate change – the presence of this heat-loving, brain-eating amoeba is spreading across more states each year. Historically, most cases occur in Florida and Texas, along with other southern states, though cases are beginning to creep northward.
Clinical awareness of these conditions is critical for a rapid suspected diagnosis and confirmatory testing, which can then prompt the initiation of appropriate treatment. It is important that PAM is considered among the earlier differential diagnosis.